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Home Archive for category "Computing Terms"
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GUI




Pronounced “gooey”, GUI stands for Graphical User Interface.  It consists of graphic or visual elements such as windows, icons and buttons that allows a user to interact with a computer operating system.  GUI is distinguished from Command Line Interface (CLI), which is a purely text based way of submitting commands to a computer system.  The

 
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Defragmentation




The process of copying and deleting files on a computer hard drive can cause files to be broken up into pieces and stored in numerous locations throughout the drive.  Defragmentation is the process of grouping fragments of files on the drive into single locations called contiguous blocks.  Having all the parts of a file in

 
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Certificate




A certificate is a file installed on a web server that is used to establish its identity and provide a means to make a secure, encrypted connection with its visitors using SSL over HTTP (https://).  The identity of the certificate holder is often verified by a trusted third party Certificate Authority (CA), and the certificate

 
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JPEG/JPG




JPEG or JPG for short is an image file format that stands for “Joint Photographic Experts Group”, the name of the committee that developed it.  It is a very popular file type used by digital cameras and seen throughout the world wide web.  JPEG files use what is known as lossy compression, a method of

 
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Big Data




Big Data is a term used to describe very large, vast and complex data sets.  Such data sets are so large that they cannot be contained in a traditional database on a single computer, but rather are managed and stored across multiple systems in a distributed database computing environment.  Some examples include the Google search

 
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